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IBM

IBM’s 100-year History Most Important Milestones

Big Blue” IBM has just celebrated its 100th birthday on June 16. The reputable Computing-Tabulating-Recording Company was established on 16 June 1911. This name was changed to International Business Machines or IBM in 1924. During IBM’s history, the company has developed from selling cutters and punch-clocks to laptops and supercomputers. In 2011, IBM was ranked the 2nd best global brand, the 12th most admired company in the world and the 3rd company for leaders and many other impressive titles.

The Big Blue employs over 425,000 employees in more than 200 countries around the world, with occupations including scientists, engineers, consultants, and sales professionals. Let’s see the most important milestones in the 100-year history of IBM through photos as follows:

The Computing-Tabulating-Recording Company was founded on June 16, 1911

In 1914, CTR recruited Thomas J. Watson from the National Cash Register Company to help lead the company. Watson led IBM from 1914 to 1956

Thirteen years later, the company’s name was changed to International Business Machines or IBM

Watson created the IBM Schoolhouse at Endicott in 1933 in order to train for employees

During the World War II, IBM and Harvard University built the world’s first computer called Automatic Sequence Controlled Calculator ” or “Mark 1”

The 1957 delivery of the IBM 305 Random Access Method of Accounting and Control is known as the first computer disk storage system

IBM introduced the first floppy disk in 1971

In 1981, IBM introduced the first PC, the IBM 5150. IBM PC-5150 is the computer that caused the death of CP/M computers

In 1994, IBM engineers John King and John Nilsen created a system for ordering items using an electronic catalogue, paving the way for the trend of online shopping today with the success of e-commerce site Amazon.com

IBM developed its Blue Gene supercomputers in 2004

In 2008, IBM Roadrunner supercomputer was built. It is currently the world’s seventh fastest computer and the first TOP500 Linpack sustained 1.0 petaflops

IBM’s 100-year History: Most Important Milestones

 

Related links:

Important Milestones in Mobile’s History

Important Milestones in Telephone History

Important Milestones of Social Networks

http://technology.ezinemark.com/ibms-100-year-history-most-important-milestones-7736d3adc00a.html

Electronic mail;its former and present systems

Electronic mail;its former and present systems

Electronic mail, commonly known as e-mail, is a method of exchanging digital messages from an author to one or more recipients within seconds. This method is very much popular now-a-days for its speedy transmission and cost effectiveness;its four times faster than fax and ten times than telex. It’s far-cheaper than a telephone call. Only a PC,a modem and an internet connection are necessary for using this mode of communication. Then possessing an email account one can send messages to any individual’s mail boxes at once. Some early mail systems required that the author and the recipients both be online at the same time,in common with instant messaging. But today’s email systems are based on a `store-and-forward’ model. As Email `servers’ accept,forward, deliver and store messages, neither the sender nor the recipients’physical presence is necessary at on line simultaneously. The sender can enter the messages and the recipient can retrieve it  whenever he/she is free. Its privacy is also ensured for the email sent to an individual mail box can only be opened by the intended recipient. An important advantage of it is the reduction of consumption of papers in office. Nowadays trade and commerce have been depended on this speedy mode of communication to a great extent giving us an opportunity to face the international dome. E-mail has lot of advantages to its credit establishing world wide information network with remote areas of the earth.

2…Here is a short paragraph on e mail

Electronic mail or simply E-mail is very much popular now-a-days for its speedy transmission of information’s and cost effectiveness. Hence information provided by a sender is delivered asynchronously to a point where it can be retrieved and processed later on by one or more recipients of the sender’s choice. In an E-Mail system, there is a number and the sender keeps on dialing the desired number till he/she is successful. Once it is connected, the PC terminal of the sender sends the message to the PC terminal of the recipient at a very high speed. There is no need of any physical presence of both the sender and the receiver. The sender can enter the message and the receiver can retrieve it whenever he/she is free. The message will remain in PC’s memory. The transmission of messages is usually done through landlines (telephones) or satellite communications or through marine cables. E-mail has lot of advantages to its credit.

(i) It is cost effective. Very less money is required In comparison to other transmission device.

(ii) It is time saver. Within very short time messages can be sent,

(iii) There is no need of presence of either the sender or the receiver. Once the message is entered into PC’s it will remain in the receiver PC’s memory.

(iv) E-mail transmission is very speedy. It is four times faster than FAX and ten Times faster than telex,

(v) There is the system of using password which each subscriber can choose to use. Hence E-mail gives security of message.

3..Electronic mail, commonly known as e-mail, is a method of exchanging digital messages from an author to one or more recipients within seconds. This method is very much popular now-a-days for its speedy transmission and cost effectiveness;its four times faster than fax and ten times than telex. It’s far-cheaper than a telephone call. Only a PC,a modem and an internet connection are necessary for using this mode of communication. Then possessing an email account one can send messages to any individual’s mail boxes at once. Some early mail systems required that the author and the recipients both be online at the same time,in common with instant messaging. But today’s email systems are based on a `store-and-forward’ model. As Email `servers’ accept,forward, deliver and store messages, neither the sender nor the recipients’physical presence is necessary at on line simultaneously. The sender can enter the messages and the recipient can retrieve it  whenever he/she is free. Its privacy is also ensured for the email sent to an individual mail box can only be opened by the intended recipient. An important advantage of it is the reduction of consumption of papers in office. Nowadays trade and commerce have been depended on this speedy mode of communication to a great extent giving us an opportunity to face the international dome. E-mail has lot of advantages to its credit establishing world wide information network with remote areas of the earth.

http://electronic-mail.ezinemark.com/electronic-mail-its-former-and-present-systems-18d91947df1.html